The Rise of a new geopolitical risk (3/3): Climbing out of the dependency trap

Maxime Sommerfeld Antoniou is a master student in Geopolitics, Territory, and Security at King’s College London. His academic interests range from the geopolitics of rare earths to green industrial policies. Abstract: In order to liberate itself from its dependency on foreign supplies of rare-earths elements (REE), the European Union (EU) needs to decarbonize its economy…